Esophageal cancer is an aggressive form of cancer, and one that often remains asymptomatic until relatively late in the disease process.
Adenocarcinoma develops from abnormal glandular cells that line the walls of the esophagus that has been damaged by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
How curable is cancer of the esophagus?
In most cases, esophageal cancer is a treatable disease, but it is rarely curable. The overall 5-year survival rate in patients amenable to definitive treatment ranges from 5% to 30%. The occasional patient with very early disease has a better chance of survival.
How long do you live after being diagnosed with esophageal cancer?
Most people with advanced oesophageal cancer live for between 3 to 12 months after their cancer is diagnosed. Around 4 out of 100 people (4%) live for 5 years or more. USA National Cancer Institute.
Is esophageal cancer a fast growing cancer?
Esophageal cancer also impacts more men than women. In the past, the vast majority (85%) of the esophageal cancers diagnosed were squamous cell cancers that occurred in the upper esophagus. Today that number is less than 50% of esophageal cancers. Risk factors for this type of cancer include smoking and alcohol use.
What can cause cancer of the esophagus?
Factors that cause irritation in the cells of your esophagus and increase your risk of esophageal cancer include:
- Having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
- Having precancerous changes in the cells of the esophagus (Barrett’s esophagus)
- Being obese.
- Drinking alcohol.
- Having bile reflux.