Psychological factors can affect health directly.
Behavioral factors can also affect a person’s health.
For example, certain behaviors can, over time, harm (smoking or consuming excessive amounts of alcohol) or enhance health (engaging in exercise).
Health psychologists take a biopsychosocial approach.
What is the role of psychology in health and illness?
Overall, psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat the psychological problems and the behavioral dysfunctions resulting from, or related to physical and mental health. In addition, they play a major role in the promotion of healthy behavior, preventing diseases and improving patients’ quality of life.
How do psychological factors influence a person’s health?
Biological factors include inherited personality traits and genetic conditions. Psychological factors involve lifestyle, personality characteristics, and stress levels. Social factors include such things as social support systems, family relationships, and cultural beliefs.
What are the aims of health psychology?
Goals. The goal of health psychology is to apply health education, information, prevention, and control in ways that will alleviate patients’ physical symptoms and improve their lives. The main approach used to set goals in health psychology is the biosocial model.
What are the factors affecting health?
To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of
How is Health Psychology important?
Health psychology encompasses a wide range of issues — from chronic pain to terminal illness — with the goals of helping people improve their quality of life and addressing specific health issues. They also promote healthy behaviors and deal with underlying psychological issues such as stress, depression and anxiety.
Who is the father of health psychology?
Wilhelm Wundt graduated from the University of Heidelberg with a degree in medicine. He went on to study briefly with Johannes Muller and later with the physicist Hermann von Helmholtz. Wundt’s work with these two individuals is thought to have heavily influenced his later work in experimental psychology.