Stiff-Person Syndrome (SPS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the nervous system, specifically the brain and spinal cord.
Symptoms may include muscle stiffness in the trunk and limbs and heightened sensitivity to noise, touch, and emotional distress, which can set off muscle spasms.
Is Stiff person syndrome fatal?
The management of stiff person syndrome is difficult and although success has been reported with the use of plasmapheresis, immunoglobulin, and some cytotoxic agents, most patients continue to follow a relentless and ultimately fatal course.
Can stiff person syndrome be cured?
Treatment with IVIg, anti-anxiety drugs, muscle relaxants, anti-convulsants, and pain relievers will improve the symptoms of SPS, but will not cure the disorder. Most individuals with SPS have frequent falls and because they lack the normal defensive reflexes; injuries can be severe.
What is stiff muscle syndrome?
Stiff-person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neurological disorder with features of an autoimmune disease. SPS is characterized by fluctuating muscle rigidity in the trunk and limbs and a heightened sensitivity to stimuli such as noise, touch, and emotional distress, which can set off muscle spasms.
Can you die from SPS?
About 65 percent of SPS patients are unable to function independently. About ten percent of SPS patients require intensive care at some point; sudden death occurs in about the same number of patients. These deaths are usually caused by metabolic acidosis or an autonomic crisis.