Question: What Is The Stress Relaxation Response Of Smooth Muscle?

Single-unit smooth muscle in the walls of the viscera, called visceral muscle, has a stress-relaxation response that permits muscle to stretch, contract, and relax as the organ expands.

Multiunit smooth muscle cells do not possess gap junctions, and contraction does not spread from one cell to the next.

What is reverse stress relaxation?

Stress Relaxation. Stress relaxation is a property of biological tissues that is related to their viscoelastic properties. Therefore, pressure can fall at constant radius (or volume) if wall tension decreases over time, and this is what occurs during stress relaxation.

What are smooth muscles?

Medical Definition of Smooth muscle

Smooth muscle: Along with skeletal and cardiac muscle, one of the types of muscle tissue in the body. Smooth muscle generally forms the supporting tissue of blood vessels and hollow internal organs, such as the stomach, intestine, and bladder.

What is the function of smooth muscle?

Smooth muscle is found in the walls of hollow organs like your intestines and stomach. They work automatically without you being aware of them. Smooth muscles are involved in many ‘housekeeping’ functions of the body. The muscular walls of your intestines contract to push food through your body.

Why is smooth muscle fatigue resistant?

Because smooth muscle cells do not fatigue they are able to constantly function. In smooth muscle myosin, the rate of ATPase activity is 10 to 100 slower than in skeletal muscle myosin. It must also be noted that nerve stimulation can cause a excitation or inhibition of the muscle cell.

What causes stress relaxation?

Stress relaxation. In materials science, stress relaxation is the observed decrease in stress in response to strain generated in the structure. This is primarily due to keeping the structure in a strained condition for some finite interval of time and hence causing some amount of plastic strain.

What is creep and stress relaxation?

6.3 Stress Relaxation and Creep

While stress relaxation is the phenomenon in which stress varies with time under a constant strain, creep is a measure of increase in strain with time under a constant stress.

Does heart have smooth muscle?

The 3 types of muscle tissue are cardiac, smooth, and skeletal. Smooth muscle fibers are located in walls of hollow visceral organs, except the heart, appear spindle-shaped, and are also under involuntary control.

Why is smooth muscle called smooth?

SMOOTH MUSCLE. Smooth muscle is so named because it has no visible striations. Its contraction is involuntary. It is found in the walls of hollow organs (e.g., digestive tract, blood vessels, urinary bladder) and other areas (e.g., the iris).

What are the characteristics of smooth muscle?

Visceral muscles are also commonly known as smooth muscle due to their lack of striations. Four characteristics define smooth muscle tissue cells: they are involuntarily controlled, not striated, not branched, and singly nucleated.

What is special about smooth muscle?

Compare striated muscle. smooth muscle (involuntary muscle) (smooth) n. muscle that produces slow long-term contractions of which the individual is unaware. Smooth muscle occurs in hollow organs, such as the stomach, intestine, blood vessels, and bladder.

What are three functions of smooth muscles?

Functions of Smooth Muscles

  • The smooth muscle in the uterus helps a woman to push out her baby.
  • In the bladder, smooth muscle helps to push out urine.
  • Smooth muscle determines the flow of blood in the arteries.
  • Smooth muscles move food through the digestive tract.

What causes relaxation of smooth muscle?

Smooth muscle contraction is caused by the sliding of myosin and actin filaments (a sliding filament mechanism) over each other. The energy for this to happen is provided by the hydrolysis of ATP. Unlike cardiac and skeletal muscle, smooth muscle does not contain the calcium-binding protein troponin.

Can smooth muscle repair itself?

Muscle: Muscle regeneration

After dividing, the cells fuse with existing muscle fibres, to regenerate and repair the damaged fibres. Smooth cells have the greatest capacity to regenerate of all the muscle cell types. The smooth muscle cells themselves retain the ability to divide, and can increase in number this way.

What is the difference between smooth muscle and cardiac muscle?

Cardiac and skeletal muscle are both striated in appearance, while smooth muscle is not. Both cardiac and smooth muscle are involuntary while skeletal muscle is voluntary. Cardiac muscle is also an involuntary muscle but is more akin in structure to skeletal muscle, and is found only in the heart.

How does smooth muscle reduce blood flow?

Thus the main function of vascular smooth muscle tone is to regulate the caliber of the blood vessels in the body. Excessive vasoconstriction leads to high blood pressure, while excessive vasodilation as in shock leads to low blood pressure.