Quick Answer: Who Is At Risk For Esophageal Cancer?

People between the ages of 45 and 70 have the highest risk of esophageal cancer.


Men are 3 to 4 times more likely than women to develop esophageal cancer.

What are the risk factors of esophageal cancer?

Factors that cause irritation in the cells of your esophagus and increase your risk of esophageal cancer include:

  • Having gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Smoking.
  • Having precancerous changes in the cells of the esophagus (Barrett’s esophagus)
  • Being obese.
  • Drinking alcohol.
  • Having bile reflux.

6 Mar 2018

Is esophageal cancer hereditary?

The exact cause of esophageal cancer usually is not known, but both environmental and genetic factors are thought to play a role in its development. For example, variations or mutations in any of several genes may cause susceptibility to esophageal cancer.

Where does esophageal cancer spread first?

Specifically, cancer of the esophagus begins in the inner layer of the esophageal wall and grows outward. If it spreads through the esophageal wall, it can travel to lymph nodes, which are the tiny, bean-shaped organs that help fight infection, as well as the blood vessels in the chest and other nearby organs.

How common is oesophageal cancer?

Oesophageal cancer statistics. Oesophageal cancer is the seventh most commonly occurring cancer in men and the 13th most commonly occurring cancer in women. There were over 500,000 new cases in 2018.